Evolution is a behavior that emerges in any system that has:

  1. Mutation
  2. Heredity
  3. Selection

Evolutionary systems often generate unexpected solutions. Nature selects for good enough.


  • What systems (beside biology) exhibit evolutionary behavior? Remember, evolution is a behavior in any system with mutation, heredity, selection.
  • What happens to an evolutionary system when you remove mutation? Heredity? Selection?
  • Do you see a system with one of these properties? How can you introduce the other two?

Resources: Evolutionary Systems on Wikipedia.

Also: provoking emergence.