Intuition is pattern recognition
Intuition is a type of pattern recognition. So:
- Intuition can be trained by example.
- Garbage in, garbage out.
- Trust good taste.
In solving a problem, the answer must be guessed at before a proof can even begin, and guesses are usually made from a knowledge of facts, experience, and hunches.
The truly creative mathematician must be a good guesser first and a good prover afterward.
-- Mathematics and Plausible Reasoning, Vol 1, George Polya
Taste is not "just a feeling". Taste is the result of your mind weighing hundreds of factors against prior experience and approximating a score.
Taste is powerful because it's fuzzy. Be approximately right.
Design patterns are patterns that have been recognized to work at social scale.